TMD/TMJ Pain Relief (DTR)
What is TMD?
Temporomandibular joint disorder, also known as TMD, refers to a group of disorders that stem from problems with the jaw, jaw joint, or facial muscles involved in jaw movement. This disorder can cause constant or intermittent discomfort and pain in the areas connected to the jaw. These disorders are often incorrectly referred to as TMJ, which refers only to the temporomandibular joint itself.
The temporomandibular joint is a small joint in front of the ear where the skull meets the lower jaw. This joint is one of the most frequently used joints and enables the jaw to move and function including talking, yawning, chewing and swallowing. For the temporomandibular joint to function properly, all of the muscles, ligaments, and bones involved in its movement must be working properly. Conditions that prevent them it doing so may cause temporomandibular joint disorder.
Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
There are several internal and external causes of temporomandibular joint disorder including:
- Grinding and clenching of teeth
- Head or neck trauma
- Misalignment or the upper and lower jaws
- Missing teeth
TMJ disorders are often ignored or go untreated in dentistry and medicine. Interestingly, many head symptoms caused by TMJ are often misdiagnosed and misunderstood. Jaw or neck pain, chronic headaches, migraines, ear symptoms such as vertigo and tinnitus are a few of these symptoms. These symptoms are treatable with disclusion time reduction, a treatment that uses sophisticated software to guide an adjustment of your bite. Additional symptoms can include:
- Clicking or popping noises when opening the mouth
- Difficulty chewing
- Limited ability to open the mouth wide
- Swelling on one or both sides of the face
- Uncomfortable bite
Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Dr. Oshetski offers a new computer-guided TMD or TMJ pain treatment that has been proven to be a faster and more predictable solution to TMJ symptoms than conventional mouthguard and appliance-based treatment. Dr. Oshetski underwent this treatment himself and is so amazed at the results that he mastered the technique for his patients. To date, Dr. Oshetski is one of a few dentists nationally that provide this therapy. Overall, we are extremely excited as patient results surpass any other muscle-based TMJ treatment.
What is Myogenous TMD/TMJ?
Demographic analyses show that over 15 million Americans suffer from some form of bite disorder. Myogenous TMD/TMJ, or muscle-based bite disorders, are caused by excessive jaw muscle contractions and the related diseases these muscles cause. When overused, jaw muscles are in spasm and not getting enough oxygen. This can result in the shortening of muscles, lactic acid buildup, and tense muscles. Tense muscles pull the jaw into abnormal positions which creates abnormal pressure on the head and imbalance.
What is Disclusion Time Reduction?
Disclusion time reduction, or DTR, is a treatment that utilizes a sophisticated bite sensor and muscle sensors to measure and analyze the bite. The analysis determines the amount of time a patient’s back teeth are engaged in a chewing or grinding function. Published studies reveal that if this time factor is prolonged, back teeth can create very high levels of muscle contractions in a patients jaw, face, head, and neck. By shortening the amount of engagement time, Dr. Oshetski can reduce the muscle contractions and alleviate pain.
Prior to the development of disclusion time reduction treatment, patients with bite problems wore cumbersome and unattractive mouth acrylic splints. These plastic bite guards interfered with their daily lives, however, was the only solution available. Since the development of modern computerized treatment, many patients no longer need to depend upon mouth splints, nor do they need to see numerous medical practitioners. Most importantly, the patients do not have to live with their pain.
Causes of a Bite Disorder
When the natural function of protecting the canines, or “eye teeth” are not engaged this results in the molar teeth being able to grind together and cause significantly higher muscle firings and related symptoms. The most common causes of this unnatural function are new crowns or fillings that were not properly adjusted when placed, orthodontics, and teeth adjustments that were made without digital technology. After treatment, when the canines are properly engaged and the back teeth fit together, the body disables the excessive firing to the muscles.
Bite Disorder Symptoms
Some patients do not display symptoms of a bite disorder, however, can still benefit from DTR treatment. Besides pain and symptoms, a bite disorder can also cause:
- Chipping or cracking of teeth
- Excessive tooth wear
- Gum recession
- Jaw popping
- Jaw, head, and neck pain
- Ringing in the ears
- Root or teeth sensitivity
- Sinus pain
DTR Patient Testimonial
Donna T. suffered from chronic facial pain, headaches and could not eat comfortably. She saw many dentists, had many opinions and attempts at solving her facial pain including bite appliances. It turned out that she had many crowns made over the years that didn’t fit her bite well. This made Donna’s muscles overactive and started years of discomfort and pain. Donna’s past experiences frustrated her so she lost faith in dentistry and thought that there could be no resolution. Thankfully, Donna came in for a consult and we performed DTR treatment. This is Donna’s testimony:
Exceptional service and staff!
“On my first visit, Dr. Oshetski gave me an explanation and a solution for the dental pain I had been experiencing for years. After following a treatment plan using DTR to adjust my bite, crown replacement, and placement of an implant, I am happy to say I am now pain free! My crowns are a perfect match, I can eat all of my favorite foods, and I am no longer sleeping with a mouthguard. Dr. Oshetski and his staff are the best! They are all kind, caring professionals and will go out of their way to make your visit a pleasant one!”
Advantages of DTR
Disclusion time reduction treatment is the only measurable or objective evaluation of how your bite affects your muscles and influences your symptoms. It differs from other bite adjustments or equilibrations in its high accuracy, which improves the bite and alleviates symptoms. Other bite evaluations, including bite papers, are not reliable which often leads to adjustments on the wrong spots of the teeth.
DTR Treatment for Migraines
Many factors influence migraine headaches. However, if a migraine patient is a candidate for DTR and adjusted, the frequency and severity of migraines typically lessen. This allows for less medication, hospitalization and lost days. Some migraine patients have even reported a complete resolution. Migraine patients should all consider having an expert evaluate their bite with DTR, such as Dr. Oshetski.
The Disclusion Time Reduction Procedure
First, patients will bite down on the bite pressure sensor. The sensor results display on the computer and show Dr. Oshetski exactly where the teeth or restorations are coming together in a way that is not ideal. He then makes very minimal adjustments guided by the computerized bite pressure sensor results. While Dr. Oshetski makes adjustments, he monitors the bite along with EMGs that will measure the activity of the muscles in the jaw. Patients will typically receive treatment during 3 to 4 appointments spaced out over 6 weeks.
After your first treatment, symptoms begin to subside. After a full series of DTR adjustments, your bite will no longer experience strain by excessive and extended clenching and grinding. A patient’s bite now has a protective or inhibitory mechanism and does not have the tendency to clench.
Studies show that when performed properly, DTR provides a patient with a much more comfortable life where most patients no longer need splints, soft food diets, chiropractors, and physical therapists. Additionally, and most importantly, the use of long-term medication, previously used for pain relief, was cut by over 90%.
Side Effects of Disclusion Time Reduction
Most often, a side effect of disclusion time reduction includes adjustments of existing restorations. Additionally, Dr. Oshetski may need to replace restorations that he cannot simply adjust. Since the restorations cause the TMD and TMJ symptoms and these symptoms resolve after treatment, most patients prefer this replacement than living with chronic discomfort.